"Localizing Development: Does Participation Work?"

President Jim Yong Kim and Chief Economist Kaushik Basu discuss “Localizing Development: Does Participation Work?” on Thur. Nov.15 at 9:45am in in MC13-121 Auditorium


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INTRODUCTION
Kaushik Basu
Senior Vice President & Chief Economist, World Bank
Dr. Basu is Senior Vice President for Development Economics and World Bank Chief Economist. He was until recently the Chief Economic Adviser to the Government of India, at the Ministry of Finance—essentially the “Chief Economist” of the Government of India.  He was Professor of Economics and the C. Marks Professor of International Studies at Cornell University in the interim period between his appointment with the Government of India and the World Bank. He has served as Chairman of Cornell’s Department of Economics, Director of Cornell’s Center for Analytic Economics and Director of Cornell’s Program for Comparative Economic Development. Earlier Dr. Basu was Professor of Economics at the Delhi School of Economics, where in 1992 he founded the Centre for Development Economics in Delhi and was its first Executive Director. Dr. Basu has also held visiting positions at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, and the London School of Economics, where he was Distinguished Visitor in 1993. He has been a Visiting Professor at Harvard University, Princeton University and M.I.T. He is the outgoing President of the Human Development and Capabilities Association, which was founded by Amartya Sen. He has held advisory posts with the ILO, the World Bank, the Reserve Bank of India and was, for several years, member of the steering committee of the Expert Group of Development Issues set up by the Swedish Government. He is Editor of the journal Social Choice and Welfare, and served or serves on numerous Editorial Boards, including the Journal of Economic Perspectives, Journal of Development Economics, Journal of Public Economics, and the World Bank Economic Review.

OPENING REMARKS
Jim Yong Kim
President, World Bank
Dr.  Kim became the 12th President of the World Bank Group on July 1, 2012. A physician and anthropologist, Dr. Kim has dedicated himself to international development for more than two decades, helping to improve the lives of under-served populations worldwide. Dr. Kim came to the Bank after serving as President of Dartmouth College. Dr. Kim is a co-founder of Partners In Health (PIH) and a former director of the HIV/AIDS Department at the World Health Organization (WHO). As President of Dartmouth, a pre-eminent center of higher education that consistently ranks among the top academic institutions in the United States,  Dr. Kim earned praise for reducing a financial deficit without cutting any academic programs. Dr. Kim also founded the Dartmouth Center for Health Care Delivery Science, a multidisciplinary institute dedicated to developing new models of health care delivery and achieving better health outcomes at lower costs. Before assuming the Dartmouth presidency, Dr. Kim held professorships and chaired departments at Harvard Medical School, the Harvard School of Public Health and Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston. He also served as director of Harvard’s François-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights. In 1987, Dr. Kim co-founded Partners In Health, a Boston-based non-profit organization now working in poor communities on 4 continents. As Director of the World Health Organization’s HIV/AIDS Department, Dr. Kim led the ‘3 by 5’ initiative, the first-ever global goal for AIDS treatment, which sought to treat 3 million new HIV/AIDS patients in developing countries with antiretroviral drugs by 2005. Launched in September 2003, the ambitious program ultimately reached its goal by 2007. Dr. Kim’s work has earned him wide recognition. He was awarded a MacArthur “Genius” Fellowship (2003), was named one of America’s “25 Best Leaders” by U.S. News & World Report (2005), and was selected as one of TIME magazine’s “100 Most Influential People in the World” (2006). MODERATOR

Martin Ravallion
Director, Development Research Group, World Bank
Dr. Ravallion is Director of the Development Research Group of the World Bank. He has held various positions in the Bank since he joined as an Economist in 1988 and he has worked across multiple sectors and in all Bank regions. Prior to joining the Bank, Martin was on the faculty of the Australian National University (ANU). His main research interests over the last 25 years have concerned poverty and policies for fighting it. He is well-known for his work on measuring global poverty and for his work linking economic policies to the welfare of poor people, including the evaluation of anti-poverty programs. He has advised numerous governments and international agencies on these topics, and he has written extensively on them, including four books and over 200 papers in scholarly journals and edited volumes. Martin currently serves on the Editorial Boards of ten economics journals, is a Senior Fellow of the Bureau for Research in Economic Analysis of Development and a Founding Council Member of the Society for the Study of Economic Inequality. In 2011 he received the John Kenneth Galbraith Award of America’s Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

AUTHORS
Ghazala Mansuri
Lead Economist, Poverty Reduction and Equity Group, World Bank
Dr. Mansuri is a Lead Economist in the Poverty Reduction and Equity Group of the World Bank. Her research spans four broad areas: rural land, labor and credit markets, the economics of household behavior, and the political economy of participatory development and institutional and governance reforms for development. Her research on the political economy of local development includes a number of evaluations of participatory development programs. Dr. Mansuri has published extensively in leading journals in economics and development.

Vijayendra Rao
Lead Economist, Development Research Group, World Bank
Dr. Rao is a Lead Economist in the Development Research Group of the World Bank. He integrates his training in economics with theories and methods from anthropology, sociology and political science to study the social, cultural, and political context of extreme poverty in developing countries. Dr. Rao has published in leading journals in Economics, and Development Studies, on subjects that include the rise in dowries in India, the social and economic context of domestic violence, the economics of public celebrations, sex work in Calcutta, and how to integrate economic and social theory to develop more effective public policy. He has co-edited Culture and Public Action, and History, Historians and Development Policy, and co-authored the 2006 World Development Report on Equity and Development. One stream of his current work examines the determinants of citizen engagement in poor societies, with a goal towards understanding how best to mobilize citizens to improve public services and alleviate poverty.  Dr. Rao was a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Chicago, and taught at the University of Michigan and Williams College before joining the World Bank’s Research Department in 1999. He serves on the editorial boards of Economic Development and Cultural Change, Journal of Development Studies, and World Bank Economic Review. He is a member of the Advisory Committee of the Successful Societies Program at CIFAR.

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The Events Program of the World Bank serves as a forum for substantial debate on international development. Our extensive events program covers multiple topics of interest to development practitioners. The events program has hosted internationally renowned speakers including: Amartya Sen, Barry Eichengreen, Christy Turlington Burns, Dambisa Moyo, Edward B. Burger, Edward Glaeser, Ian Bremmer, Harm de Blij, Hillary Clinton, James A. Robinson, James D. Wolfensohn, Jeffrey Sachs, John Broome, John Quiggin, Jomo Kwame Sundaram, Joseph E. Stiglitz, Lester Brown, Madeleine Albright, Martin N. Baily, Melanne Verveer, Michael Bloomberg, Michael L. Ross, Michele Yeoh, Mike Spence, Muhammad Yunus, Niall Ferguson, Paul Collier, Paul Farmer, Raghuram Rajan, Richard Posner, Robert H. Frank, Robert J. Shiller, Rohit Bhargava, Thomas Friedman, Vali Nasr as well as numerous Heads of States and Nobel Laureates.

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